Updated: Sep 13, 2022
The Principality of Monaco has always been committed to the environmental cause, ratifying international acts like the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement within the UN Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. Its green vision has been strengthening in recent years through the Energy Transition White Paper presented to the public in March 2017 by the will of H.S.H. Prince Albert II of Monaco. This participatory approach aimed at involving all levels of society and any stakeholder to pursue ambitious but achievable goals through practical initiatives and joint actions. Mobility, the Building Sector, Waste, Energy Supply are the main axes on which the Gouvernement Princier (Prince’s Governement) and the associated institutions lead the efforts to reduce harmful emissions by 55% by 2030 and reach carbon neutrality in 2050. In this framework the Direction de l’Environnement(Department of the Environment) has just published the Rapport National d’Inventaire des Emissions de Gaz à l’Effet Serre 2022 de la Principauté de Monaco (National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Report of the Principality of Monaco).
This technical document unveils the emissions data referred to the Monegasque territory for the period 1990-2022, with special focus to the various substances directly involved in the increase of the greenhouse effect detected by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Despite the serious health, economic and social crisis triggered by the pandemic, the year 2020 was particularly propitious, recording a decrease in climate-altering emissions. Notably 31,8% less than data elaborated in 1990, with win-win trend compared to the 2019 Inventory (- 18,8%). Energy Supply, Buildings and Mobility remain the main sources of pollution but emissions are respectively down by 21%, 17% and 19% per sector. The Construction Sector is the only item where impacts are growing as a result of the many construction sites located in the urban territory.
The publication of this report marks a pivotal step on the path to the achievement of full energy efficiency on which the Gouvernement Princier the Prince’s Palace and Foundation have invested heavily and with firm conviction.
«Monaco’s energy transition will be conducted with determination and wisdom without hindering our development but instead by creating new opportunities. This means we need to think differently about our consumption methods and it cannot succeed without the mobilisation of the whole Monegasque community», H.S.H. Prince Albert II of Monaco, Energy Transition White Paper of the Principality of Monaco, Palais de Monaco, March 2017.
By Maurice Abbati